Karlsruhe

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Coat of arms
Location in Germany

Karlsruhe (population 285,812 in 2006) is a city in Baden-Württemberg (Germany). Founded in 1715, it became the capital of Baden until 1945. In 1950, Karlsruhe became the seat of the two highest courts of justice in Germany: the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice. Therefore, Karlsruhe bears the slogan “residence of justice”. The city is also nicknamed Die Fächerstadt (translated literally “the fan city”) because of its layout, with the tower of the Palace at the center and 32 streets radiating out from it like spokes on a wheel, or ribs on a folding fan.

Climate

Karlsruhe is one of the cities with the highest year round temperatures in Germany, averaging at a temperature of 10.7 °C. Located in the Upper Rhine rift, the summer time often bears muggy weather conditions. Winter is generally pretty mild. On average, the temperature will stay below freezing point for about 17 days per year. The highest temperates ever recorded in Karlsruhe reached 40.2 °C on 9 August and 14 August 2003. The lowest recorded temperatures were -25.6 °C on 18 January 1940.

History

The city was named for Margrave Karl Wilhelm (Charles William) of Baden-Durlach, who founded the city on 17 June 1715. Legend says that Karl Wilhelm of Baden-Durlach was out for a walk in the forest and lay down to take a nap, when he had a dream about a new town with streets arranged like a folding fan and a magnificent palace in its center. He then decided to make that dream become reality, hence the name Karlsruhe, which loosely translates to “Charles' rest”.

See also:

Tourism

The marketplace with the pyramid and the town hall

Karlsruhe offers several local attractions and recreational areas, such as the Stadtgarten and the Zoo, the Market Square with the stone pyramid marking the grave of the city's founder, the Karlsruhe Palace, the Botanical Garden, as well as numerous churches, parks and fountains.

Located in the vicinity of touristic regions like the Black Forest, the Kraichgau, the Anterior Palatinate (Vorderpfalz), Alsace, the Palatinate Forest and the Vosges, all being within a close enough distance for day trips or a getaway vacation.

Culture

Badisches Staatstheater
Karlsruhe offers a lot of cultural diversities, for instance the Staatstheater and the Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, but also provides subcultures as the Substage or the Tollhaus.

Religion

year people (total)[1] Evangelical Church Roman Catholic others/none
1900 97,185 52.8 % 43.4 % 3.8 %
1950 198,840 51.7 % 44.4 % 3.8 %
1970 259,245 48.5 % 43.9 % 7.6 %
1987 125,705 41.3 % 41.3 % 17.4 %
2000 268,651 34.3 % 36.0 % 29.7 %
2007 278,047 31.2 % 33.3 % 35.5 %

Englisch-language churches

For a list of churches with celebrations in English, see church.

Famous People

Karlsruhe is the birth- and living place of famous people and inventors, such as Carl Benz, Karl Drais and Friedrich Weinbrenner.

27 Districts

Karlsruhe is divided into 27 districts, e.g. Durlach, Innenstadt (town centre), Innenstadt (Old Town), Knielingen, Neureut, Rüppurr, Südstadt, Südweststadt and Weststadt.

See also

Born in Karlsruhe

  Year of birth Year of death
Karl Friedrich von Baden 1728 1811

Died in Karlsruhe

  Year of birth Year of death
Karl Friedrich von Baden 1728 1811
Karl Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach 1679 1738
Franz Sales Meyer 1849 1927

Located in Karlsruhe

AAAA-Hotelwelt Kübler, ASV Durlach, Acora Hotel und Wohnen Karlsruhe, All Christian Believers’ Fellowship, Allvitalis Traumhotel, Alter Brauhof, American-German Business Club, Amerikanische Bibliothek, BG Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg Cooperative State University – Karlsruhe, Badisch Brauhaus, Badische Landesbibliothek, Badisches Staatstheater, Susanne Bässler-Weber, Best Western Queens Hotel Karlsruhe, Bildungsverein Region Karlsruhe, Botanischer Garten Karlsruhe, Bundesgerichtshof, Bundesverfassungsgericht, Busbahnhof Karlsruhe, Erbgroßherzogliches Palais, Europabad, Europahalle, Fakultät für Chemie und Biowissenschaften, Fakultät für Informatik, Ferghals Bray Head, Flynn's Inn, Global Aflame Network, Hauptbahnhof, Hotel Alfa, Hotel am Markt, Hotel am Tiergarten, Hotel Ambassador, Hotel Barbarossa, Hotel Berliner Hof, Hotel Betzler, Hotel Eden, Hotel Kaiserhof, Hotel Kübler, Hotel Maison Suisse, Hotel Residenz, Hotel Rio, Hotel Santo, Indo-German Society Karlsruhe, Institut für Angewandte Informatik und Formale Beschreibungsverfahren, International Students Office, Internationale Apotheke, Jugendherberge Karlsruhe, Jüdische Kultusgemeinde Karlsruhe, Karl-Apotheke … further results

External links

References

  1. www1.karlsruhe.de/Stadtentwicklung/siska/pdf/Jahrbuch2008_Kapitel_03.pdf